Simpson, Sir James Young

SUBJECT AREA: Medical technology
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b. 7 June 1811 Bathgate, Linlithgowshire, Scotland
d. 6 May 1870 Edinburgh, Scotland
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Scottish obstetrician, pioneer of the use of chloroform in labour.
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The seventh and youngest son of a baker, after entering Edinburgh University at the tender age of 14 he graduated in 1832 and when only 28 was appointed Professor of Midwifery at Edinburgh University. Following the introduction of ether as a general anaesthetic (see W.T.G.Morton) he was the first to use it in midwifery. Aware of its disadvantages, he experimented on himself, and on 4 November 1847 he discovered the anaesthetic properties of chloroform. However, there were both medical and religious objections to its use, until in 1853 it was administered to Queen Victoria at the birth of Prince Leopold.
Widely recognized as a great obstetrician, he also founded the modern practice of gynaecology, introducing new diagnostic methods and techniques of investigation. He was also an enthusiastic archaeologist.
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Principal Honours and Distinctions
Created Baronet 1866. Physician to the Queen in Scotland 1847.
Bibliography
1847, "Discovery of a new anaesthetic agent more efficient than sulphuric ether", Lancet. Obstetric Memoirs and Contributions, Edinburgh.
Further Reading
J.Duns, 1873, Memoir of J.Y.Simpson.
MG

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Simpson,Sir James Young — Simp·son (sĭmpʹsən), Sir James Young. 1811 1870. Scottish physician who pioneered the use of ether and chloroform in obstetrics (1847). * * * …   Universalium

  • Simpson, Sir James Young — born June 7, 1811, Bathgate, Linlithgowshire, Scot. died May 6, 1870, London, Eng. Scottish obstetrician. He received his M.D. from the University of Edinburgh, where he became professor of obstetrics. After news of the use of ether in surgery in …   Universalium

  • Simpson, Sir James Young — (7 jun. 1811, Bathgate, Linlithgowshire, Escocia–6 may. 1870, Londres, Inglaterra). Obstetra escocés. Se licenció de médico en la Universidad de Edimburgo, donde llegó a ser profesor de obstetricia. Cuando se supo en Escocia que en Boston se… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • SIMPSON, SIR JAMES YOUNG —    physician, born, the son of a baker, at Bathgate, Linlithgowshire; graduated M.D. at Edinburgh in 1832; was assistant to the professor of Pathology and one of the Presidents of the Royal Medical Society before his election to the chair of… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Simpson, Sir James Young, 1st Baronet — ▪ British physician born June 7, 1811, Bathgate, Linlithgowshire, Scot. died May 6, 1870, London       Scottish obstetrician who was the first to use chloroform in obstetrics and the first in Britain to use ether.       Simpson was professor of… …   Universalium

  • Sir James Young Simpson — noun Scottish obstetrician and surgeon who pioneered in the use of ether and discovered the anesthetic effects of chloroform (1811 1870) • Syn: ↑Simpson • Instance Hypernyms: ↑doctor, ↑doc, ↑physician, ↑MD, ↑Dr., ↑medico …   Useful english dictionary

  • James Young Simpson — Sir James Young Simpson (* 7. Juni 1811 in Bathgate, Linlithgow, Schottland; † 6. Mai 1870 in Edinburgh) war ein schottischer Arzt. Er war Professor für Geburtshilfe an der Universität von Edinbu …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • James Young Simpson — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Simpson. James Young Simpson James Young Simpson (7 juin 1811, Bathgate 6 mai …   Wikipédia en Français

  • James Young Simpson — Infobox Scientist name = James Young Simpson caption = James Young Simpson birth date = June 7, 1811 birth place = Bathgate, West Lothian death date = death date and age|1870|5|6|1811|6|7 death place = Edinburgh occupation = Physician field =… …   Wikipedia

  • James — James, Henry James, Henry James, William * * * (as used in expressions) Agee, James Anderson, (James) Maxwell Audubon, John James Baldwin, James (Arthur) Balfour (de Whittingehame), Arthur James, 1 conde Ballard, J(ames) G(raham) Barrie, Sir… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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